Hand Washing Dishes
The following instructions on hand washing dishes properly are derived from a 1918 publication of The Fanny Farmer Cookbook.
Have the dishes scraped.
Pile all articles of each kind together; plate by themselves, the largest at the bottom; cups by themselves; silver articles together, and steel knives and forks by themselves.
Cold water should be used for soaking dishes which have been used for milk, eggs and starchy foods. Hot water for dishes used for sugar substances and for sticky, gummy substances like gelatin. Greasy dishes of all kinds, including knives, are more easily cleaned if first wiped with soft paper, which should be burned.
Order for Hand Washing Dishes
- Cups and saucers
- Platters, vegetable dishes, etc.
- Cooking utensils (if not washed first)
Hand Washing Dishes
- Have a pan half filled with hot soapy water. Slip glasses and fine China in sideways, that the hot water will touch outside and inside at once, and thus avoid danger of breaking. If dishes are very dirty or greasy, add a little washing soda, ammonia or soap.
- Rinse all dishes in clean hot water (except cut glass), drain and wipe with clean dry towels.
- An egg-beater (hand held) should not be left to soak in water, or it will be hard to run. Keep the handles clean, wipe the wire with a damp cloth immediately after using.
- Kitchen knives and forks should never be placed in dish water. Scour them with brick dust, wash with dish cloth, and wipe them dry.
- Tinware, granite ironware should be washed in hot soda water, and if browned, rub with sapolio, salt or baking soda. Use wire dish cloth if food sticks to dishes.
- Keep strainer in sink, and pour all dish water, etc., in it and remove contents of strainer in garbage pail.
- Wash towels with plenty of soap, and rinse thoroughly every time they are used.
- Hang towels up evenly to dry. Wash dish cloths.
- When scrubbing, wet brush and apply soap with upward strokes, working with the grain of the wood; rinse and dry.
- Wash dish pans, wipe and dry.
- Wash your hands with white (castile or ivory) soap, if you wish to keep smooth hands and wipe them dry.
- Wash tea kettle; polish faucets; scrub sink with clean hot suds.
Care of the Sink
When dish-washing is finished, wash every part of the sink with hot, soapy water. Wash above and around the sink. Use a skewer to clean behind the sink pipes.
Flush the sink with boiling water every day and about once a week with a strong solution of washing soda.